Global Avoidable Mortality

AVOIDABLE MORTALITY - or EXCESS MORTALITY - is the difference between the ACTUAL mortality in a country and the mortality EXPECTED in a peaceful, decently-run country with the same demographics. AVOIDABLE MORTALITY and INFANT MORTALITY are KEY INDICATORS of the HUMAN CONSEQUENCES of national and global policies.

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

Body Count. Global avoidable mortality since 1950 (2008 lecture)

BODY COUNT. Global avoidable mortality since 1950 (2008 lecture)– Dr Gideon Polya


This is a detailed set of notes for a July 2008 lecture in Melbourne on the book “Body Count. Global avoidable mortality since 1950” by Gideon Polya (G.M. Polya, Melbourne, 2007). For further details of the book see:

http://mwcnews.net/Gideon-Polya and http://globalbodycount.blogspot.com/ .

i. Definition. For a country in a given period, excess death (avoidable death, avoidable mortality, excess mortality, deaths that should not have happened) is the difference between the actual deaths in a country and the deaths expected for a peaceful, decently governed country with the same demographics.

ii. Methodology. UN Population Division provides detailed demographic data for essentially every country in the world since 1950 – population, death rate, birth rate, population breakdown, under-5 infant mortality rate.

(a) Using this data, for each country in pentades (5 year periods) from 1950-2005 and then sum for these countries, regions and the World for this period one can calculate Total Deaths (Mortality, MORT), Under-5 infant deaths (Infant Mortality, IM) and Avoidable deaths (Excess Mortality, EM) (see (ix), Tables 1 and 2).

(b) While calculation of Mortality and Infant Mortality is straightforward arithmetic, estimation of Excess Deaths (Actual Deaths minus Expected Deaths for a decently-run society with the same demographics) involves a complicated estimation of the baseline of Expected Deaths.

(c ) Under-5 Infant deaths are about 0.7 of Excess Deaths for impoverished Third World countries – this allowing ready rough estimation of Excess Deaths for such countries by laypersons from UNICEF and UN Population Division data for infant mortality (see: “Layperson’s Guide to Counting Iraq Deaths”: http://mwcnews.net/content/view/5872/26/ ).

iii. Comparisons. In order to compare Mortality, Infant Mortality and Excess Mortality in the period 1950-2005 it is necessary to normalize the data by dividing by the populations involved. There are various ways in which this can be done – in Table 1 I have used 1950-2005 Mortality/2005 population = “MORT/POP (%); 1950-2005 Excess Mortality/2005 Population = EM/POP (%); and 1950-2005 Infant Mortality/ 2005 Population = IM/POP (%).

(a) 1950-2005 Mortality/2005 population = MORT/POP (%) is roughly the same for all regions (range 31-55%; World average 42%). We all have to die.

(b) 1950-2005 Excess Mortality/2005 Population = EM/POP (%) increases from 2.7% (Overseas Europe = North America, Australasia and Israel) to 43.2% (Non-Arab Africa); Europe average 5.0%, Non-Europe average 23.3%, World average 20.2%.

(c) Notable country data: Netherlands 0%, Australia 2.9%, East Timor 81.0%, Sierra Leone 85.2% i.e. at an East Timorese wedding in 2005 with 100 guests 81 could be allotted the burden and trauma of 1 avoidable 1950-2005 avoidable death - relate this to YOUR family, to any recent wedding YOU have attended.

(d) 1950-2005 Infant Mortality/ 2005 Population = IM/POP (%) increases from 1.5% (Overseas Europe) to 27.3% (Non-Arab Africa); Europe average 2.2%, non—Europe average 15.9%, World average 13.6%; the independently estimated infant mortality data closely reflect the excess mortality data.

(e) The 1950-2005 excess mortality [and independently estimated 1950-2005 under-5 infant mortality data in square brackets] totals are 1,303 million [878 million] (the World); 1,248 million [853 million] (the non-European World]; 55 million [25 million] (the European World); and 0.6 BILLION [0.4 BILLION] (the Muslim World) – a Third World Holocaust and a Muslim Holocaust 100 times greater than the World War 2 Jewish Holocaust (6 million dead, 1 in 6 dying from deprivation) or the “forgotten” World War 2 Bengali Holocaust, the man-made 1943-1945 Bengal Famine in which the British deliberately starved 6-7 million Indians to death in Bengal and the adjoining provinces of Assam, Orissa and Bihar (see the January 2008 BBC broadcast involving me, Economics Nobel Laureate Professor Amartya Sen and others: http://www.open2.net/thingsweforgot/bengalfamine_programme.html ).

(f) These estimates are resolutely ignored by Mainstream media, politicians and academia in a continuing process of holocaust ignoring i.e. functional holocaust denial.

iv. Occupation and mass avoidable mortality. Humans have evolved altruism towards the young in family groups (as cogently discussed in “The Selfish Gene” by Richard Dawkins) but that altruism falls off as you move to humans further away from family and tribe. Indeed our chimpanzee cousins perpetrate horrific attacks on fellow chimpanzees violating their tribal territory. As the data below indicates, Foreign Occupation is a major contributor to avoidable mortality – foreign rulers do not have the same intrinsic regard for their conquered subjects as indigenous rulers.

The horrific consequences of the pre-Invasion Sanctions on Iraqi infant mortality are revealed by UN Population Division data for Iraq and its impoverished but mostly un-occupied and peaceful neighbour Syria (see: http://esa.un.org/unpp/ ). Back in about 1950 the "under-5 infant deaths per 1,000 births" in newly-independent, post-European colonialism Iraq and Syria was a catastrophic 200; by 1990 (with both countries under Ba'athist dictatorships) it had dramatically fallen to about 50 and 44, respectively; after the US-UK-Israeli bombing and Sanctions began in 1990, this rate doubled rapidly in Iraq but kept declining in peaceful and only partially Israeli-occupied Syria; NOW it is 105 for "US-liberated", oil-rich Occupied Iraq and 18 for impoverished, resource-poor, Ba'athist dictatorship Syria.

The summary data provided below is of post-1950 excess mortality/ 2005 population (both in millions, m) and expressed as a percentage (%); this ratio is given for each major Occupier, for each country occupied and as a total for all the countries subject to a particular Occupier post-1945. The asterisk (*) below indicates a major occupation by more than one country in the post-WW2 era (thus I have listed only the UK and the US as major occupiers of Afghanistan, Iraq and Korea, leaving aside the many other minor participants in these conflicts).

Australia [0.587m/20.092m = 2.9%] - Papua New Guinea [2.091m/5.959m = 35.1%], Solomon Islands* [0.050m/0.504m = 9.9%], total = 2.141m/6.463m = 33.1%

Belgium [0.749m/10.359m = 7.2%] - Burundi [4.097m/7.319m = 56.0%], Congo (Zaire) [26.677m/56.079m = 47.6%], Rwanda [5.190m/8.607m = 60.3%], total = 35.964m/72.005m = 49.9%

Ethiopia* [36.133m/74.189m = 48.7%] - (Eritrea* [1.757m/4.456m = 39.4%], total = 1.757m/4.456m = 39.4%

France [3.275m/60.711m = 5.4%] - Algeria [7.167m/32.877m =21.8%], Benin [3.267m/7.103m = 46.0%], Burkina Faso [6.810m/13.798m = 49.4%], Cambodia* [5.852m/14.825m = 39.5%], Cameroon* [6.669m/16.564m = 40.3%], Central African Republic [2.274m/3.962m =57.4%], Chad [5.085m/9.117m = 55.8%], Comoros [0.204m/0.812m =25.1%], Congo (Brazzaville) [1.085m/3.921m = 27.7%], Côte d’Ivoire [6.953m/17.165m = 40.5%], Djibouti [0.265m/0.721m = 36.8%], Egypt* [19.818m/74.878m = 26.5%], French Guiana [0.010m/0.187m = 5.3%], French Polynesia [0.018m/0.252m = 7.1%], Gabon [0.504m/1.375m = 36.7%], Guadeloupe [0.025m/0.446m = 5.6%], Guinea [5.185m/8.788m = 59.0%], Haiti* [4.089m/8.549m = 47.9%], Laos* [2.653m/5.918m = 44.8%], Madagascar [7.098m/18.409m = 38.6%], Mali [6.808m/13.829m = 49.2%], Martinique [0.022m/0.397m = 5.5%], Mauritania [1.294m/3.069m = 42.2%], Mauritius [0.064m/1.244m = 5.18], Morocco* [8.202m/31.564m = 26.0%], New Caledonia [0.017m/0.237m = 7.2%], Niger [6.558m/12.873m = 50.9%], Réunion [0.047m/0.777m = 6.0%], Senegal [4.457m/9.393m = 47.5%], Syria* [2.198m/18.650m = 11.8%], Togo [1.950m/5.129m = 38.0%], Tunisia [1.582m/10.042m =15.8%], Vanuatu* [0.037m/0.222m = 16.7%], Vietnam* [24.015m/83.585m = 28.7%], total = 142.291m/430.678m = 33.0%

Indonesia [71.521m/225.313 = 31.7%] - Timor Leste* [0.694m/0.857m = 81.0%] - total = 0.694m/0.857m = 81.0%

Iraq* [5.283m/26.555m = 19.9%] - Kuwait* [0.089m/2.671m = 3.3%], total = 0.089m/2.671m = 3.3%

Israel [0.095m/6.685m =1.4%] - Egypt* [19.818m/74.878m = 26.5%], Jordan* [0.630m/5.750m = 11.0%], Lebanon [0.535m/3.761m = 14.2%], Occupied Palestinian Territories* [0.677m/3.815m = 17.7%], Syria* [2.198m/18.650m = 11.8%], total = 23.858m/106.854 = 22.3%

Netherlands [0.0m/16.300m = 0%] - Indonesia [71.521m/225.313m = 31.7%], Netherlands Antilles [0.009m/0.224m = 3.9%], Suriname [0.039m/0.442m = 8.8%], total = 71.569m/225.979 = 31.7%

New Zealand [0.143m/3.932m = 3.6%] - Samoa [0.039m/0.182m = 21.4%], total = 0.039m/0.182m = 21.4%

Pakistan* [49.700m/161.151m = 30.8%] - Bangladesh*[51.196m/152.593m = 33.6%], total = 51.196m/152.593m = 33.6%

Portugal [0.429m/10.080m = 4.3%] - Angola [9.207m/14.533m = 63.4%], Cape Verde [0.099m/0.482m = 20.5%], Guinea-Bissau [0.945m/1.584m = 59.7%], Macao [0.036m/0.472m = 7.6%], Mozambique [12.462m/19.495m = 63.9%], São Tome and Príncipe [0.039m/0.169m = 23.1%], Timor Leste*[0.694m/0.857m = 81.0%], total = 23.482m/37.592 = 62.5%

Russia [11.897m/141.553m = 8.4%] - Afghanistan [16.609m/25.971m = 64.0%], Armenia [0.091m/3.043m = 3.0%], Azerbaijan [0.428m/8.527m = 5.0%], Belarus [0.375m/9.809m = 3.8%], Bulgaria [0.769m/7.763m = 9.9%], Czech Republic [1.087m/10.216m = 10.6%], Estonia [0.166m/1.294m = 12.8%], Georgia [0.281m/5.026m = 5.6%], Hungary [1.363m/9.784m = 13.9%], Kazakhstan [0.983m/15.364m = 6.4%], Kyrgyzstan [1.041m/5.278m = 19.7%], Latvia [0.288m/2.265m = 12.7%], Lithuania [0.143m/3.401m = 4.2%], Moldova [0.254m/4.259m = 6.0%], Mongolia [0.640m/2.667m = 24.0%], Poland [0.677m/38.516m = 1.8%], Romania [1.133m/22.228m = 5.1%], Slovakia [0.130m/5.411m = 2.4%], Tajikistan [0.924m/6.356m = 14.5%], Turkmenistan [0.817m/5.015m = 16.3%], Ukraine [5.279m/47.782m = 11.0%], Uzbekistan [3.585m/26.868m = 13.3%], total = 37.063m/266.843m = 13.9%

South Africa [13.534m/45.323m = 29.9%] - Namibia [0.672m/2.032m = 33.1%], total =

0.672m/2.032m = 33.1%

Spain [1.049m/41.184m = 2.5%] - Equatorial Guinea [0.305m/0.521m = 58.5%], Morocco* [8.202m/31.564m = 26.0%], Western Sahara [0.063m/0.324m = 19.4%], total = 8.570m/32.409m = 26.4%

Turkey [10.488m/73.302m = 14.3%] – Cyprus [0.054m/0.813m = 6.6%], total = 0.054m/0.813m = 6.6%

UK [4.411m/59.598m = 7.4%] - Afghanistan* [16.609m/25.971m = 64.0%], Bahamas [0.007m/0.321m = 2.3%], Bahrain [0.054m/0.754m = 7.2%], Bangladesh* [51.196m/152.593m = 33.6%], Barbados [0.015m/0.272m = 5.5%], Belize [0.014m/0.266m = 5.3%], Bhutan [0.908m/2.392m = 38.0%], Botswana [0.443m/1.801m = 24.6%], Brunei [0.020m/0.374m = 5.3%], Cameroon* [6.669m/16.564m = 40.3%], Cyprus [0.054m/0.813m = 6.6%]; Egypt* [19.818m/74.878m = 26.5%], Eritrea* [1.757m/4.456m = 39.4%], Ethiopia [36.133m/74.189m = 48.7%], Fiji [0.054m/0.854m = 6.3%], Gambia [0.606m/1.499m = 47.6%], Ghana [6.089m/21.833m = 27.9%], Greece* [0.027m/10.978m = 0.2%], Grenada* [0.018m/0.121m = 14.9%], Guyana [0.086m/0.768m = 11.2%], Hong Kong [0.125m/7.182m = 1.7%], India [351.900m/1096.917m = 32.1%], Iraq* [5.283m/26.555m = 19.9%], Israel [0.095m/6.685 = 1.4%], Jamaica [0.245m/2.701m =9.1%], Jordan* [0.630m/5.750m = 11.0%], Kenya [10.015m/32.849m = 30.5%], Korea* [7.958m/71.058m = 11.2%], Kuwait* [0.089m/2.671m = 3.3%], Lesotho [0.951m/1.797m =52.9%], Libya [0.785m/5.768m =13.6%], Malawi [6.976m/12.572m = 55.5%], Malaysia [2.344m/25.325m = 9.3%], Maldives [0.015m/0.338m = 4.4%], Malta [0.019m/0.397m = 4.8%], Myanmar [20.174m/50.696 = 39.8%], Nepal [10.650m/26.289m = 40.5%], Nigeria [49.737m/130.236m =38.2%], Occupied Palestinian Territories [0.677m/3.815m = 17.7%], Oman [0.359m/3.020m =11.9%], Pakistan [49.700m/161.151m = 30.8%], Qatar [0.029m/0.628m = 4.6%], Saint Lucia [0.012m/0.152m = 7.9%], Saint Vincent & Grenadines [0.018m/0.121m =14.9%], Sierra Leone [4.548m/5.340m = 85.2%], Singapore [0.113m/4.372m = 2.6%], Solomon Islands* [0.050m/0.504m = 48.5%], Somalia* [5.568m/10.742m =51.8%], Sri Lanka [0.951m/19.366m = 4.9%], Sudan [13.471m/35.040m = 38.4%], Swaziland [0.471m/1.087m = 43.3%], Tanzania [14.682m/38.365m =38.3%], Tonga [0.020m/0.106m = 18.9%], Trinidad & Tobago [0.052m/1.311m = 4.0%], Uganda [11.121m/27.623m = 40.3%], United Arab Emirates [0.087m/3.106m =2.8%], Vanuatu [0.037m/0.222m = 16.7%], Yemen [6.798m/21.480m = 31.6%], Zambia [5.463m/11.043m = 49.5%], Zimbabwe [4.653m/12.963m =35.9%], total = 727.448m/2247.711m = 32.4%

US [8.455m/300.038m = 2.8%] - Afghanistan* [16.609m/25.971m = 64.0%], Cambodia* [5.852m/14.825m = 39.5%], Dominican Republic [0.806m/8.998m = 9.0%], Federated States of Micronesia [0.016m/0.111m = 14.4%], Greece* [0.027m/10.978m = 0.2%], Grenada* [0.018m/0.121m = 14.9%], Guam [0.005m/0.168m = 3.0%], Haiti* [4.089m/8.549m = 47.9%], Iraq* [5.283m/26.555m = 19.9%], Korea* [7.958m/71.058m = 11.2%], Laos* [2.653m/5.918m = 44.8%], Panama [0.172m/3.235m = 5.3%], Philippines [9.080m/82.809m = 11.0%], Puerto Rico [0.039m/3.915m = 1.0%], Somalia* [5.568m/10.742m = 51.8%], US Virgin Islands [0.003m/0.113m = 2.4%], Vietnam* [24.015m/83.585m = 28.7%], total = 82.193m/357.651m = 23.0%

This catalogue of post-1950 avoidable mortality due to violent occupation can be roughly converted to post-1950 under-5 infant mortality by multiplying by a factor of about 0.7 (the ratio of post-1950 under-5 infant mortality to post-1950 avoidable mortality for the Third World). This data can be used to provide a relative impact statement (noting, of course, that there are various ways in which this kind of assessment could be made e.g. by considering excess mortality for only the period of occupation). This data, and indeed my book “Body Count” from which it is drawn, can be used as a quantitative addendum to William Blum’s horrific description of post-war US imperialism entitled “Rogue State”.

v. Human mortality and avoidable mortality throughout history. “Body Count” is a very useful resource for students and scholars – it contains a very detailed summary of the history of every country in the world since neolithic times together with brief details of major mortality events (e.g. the death tolls from the Black Death, major wars and famines, and the European conquest of other continents. Thus the avoidable deaths associated with the British occupation of India total about 0.6 billion (1757-1831), 0.5 billion (1831-1901, the reign of Queen Victoria) and 0.4 billion (1901-1947), a total of 1.5 billion avoidable deaths due to British racism and rapacity (see” Shocking, non-reported Commonwealth Games statistics”: http://mwcnews.net/content/view/5668/26/ ).

vi. Australian history of genocide. When Australians think of Australia and genocide they think of the Aboriginal Genocide and the so-called “History wars” between scholars who refer to the Aboriginal Genocide and those who dismiss this. Note that genocide is defined here following Article 2 of the UN Genocide Convention (see: http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/genocide/convention.html ): “In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: a) Killing members of the group; b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group”.

1. 18th-19th century Aboriginal Genocide (the Indigenous Aboriginal population dropped from about 1 million to 0.1 million in the first century after invasion in 1788).

2. Tasmanian Aboriginal Genocide (the “full-blood” Indigenous population dropped from 6,000 to zero in 1803-1776; however there are several thousand “mixed race” decendants of Tasmanian and Mainland Aborigines still living in Tasmania today).

3. British-effected Indian Genocide (post-invasion excess deaths 0.6 BILLION, 1757-1837; 0.5 BILLION, 1837-1901 under Queen Victoria; 0.4 BILLION, 1901-1947).

4. European-effected Chinese Genocide (10-100 million deaths in the European imperialism-driven Tai Ping rebellion period; Australia was involved in suppressing the Boxer rebellion).

5. Maori Genocide (Maori population dropped from 0.1-0.2 million in 1800 to 42,000 in 1893; Australia was involved in the 19th century Maori wars).

6. African Genocide (scores of million perished over 5 centuries of European slavery and colonialism; Australians participated in the Sudan War, 1881-1898).

7. Pacific Genocide (there was a catastrophic population decline due to introduced disease and slavery; thus 40,000 Fijians died from measles out of a population of 150,000 in 1876; “blackbirding” slavery was conducted by Australians in the late 19th century).

8. Boer (Afrikaaner) Genocide (1899-1902; 28,000 Afrikaaner women and children died in British concentration camps; Australians participated in the Boer War as immortalized in the movie “Breaker Morant”).

9. Armenian Genocide (1.5 million killed; the Australian invasion of Gallipoli as part of an Anglo-French force in 1915 helped to precipitate this atrocity; indeed April 24 is Armenian Genocide Day and April 25 is the day of the Australia invasion in 1915 and also a sacred war dead remembrance day for Australians and New Zealanders – it is called Anzac Day after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) which stormed ashore on that first Anzac Day at Gallipoli in 1915).

10. Bengali Genocide (6-7 million perished in the “forgotten” man-made Bengal Famine atrocity in Bengal and adjoining provinces in British India, 1943-1945; Australians were there and indeed the Governor of Bengal in 1944 was an Australian R.G. Casey).

11. British post-1950 Third World Genocide (1950-2005 excess deaths in countries subject to British occupation as a major occupier in the post-war era totalled 727 million; Australia has the same Head of State as the UK and continues to be a loyal military ally of the UK in Occupied Iraq and Occupied Afghanistan).

12. US post-1950 Third World Genocide (1950-2005 excess deaths in countries subject to US occupation as a major occupier in the post-war era totalled 82 million; Australia participated in all post-1950 US Asian Wars in Korea, Indo-China, Iraq and Afghanistan with Indigenous Asian excess deaths now totalling 25 million).

13. Australian Colonial Genocide (1950-2005 excess deaths in countries subject to Australian occupation as a major occupier in the post-war era, namely Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands totalled 2.1 million).

14. 20th century Aboriginal Genocide (total excess deaths clearly of the order of 1million; 0.1 million Stolen Generations Aboriginal children forcibly removed from their Mothers in the 19th and 20th centuries; excess deaths in the 11 years of the Bush-ite Coalition Government totalled 90,000 for 1996-2007).

The following Australian genocide involvements in this catalogue of horrors are ONGOING.

15. Palestinian Genocide (post-1967 excess deaths 0.3 million, post-1967 under-5 infant deaths 0.2 million and 7 million refugees; with bi-partisan agreement Australia provides diplomatic, financial and haven support for Israeli state terrorism – even when directed against tens of thousands of Australian citizens as in Lebanon in mid-2006 - and up to life imprisonment for anyone giving financial support to the Hamas Party that overwhelmingly won the 2006 Occupied Palestinian elections).

16. Iraqi Genocide (4 million excess deaths 1990-2008; 2 million post-invasion excess deaths, 0.6 million post-invasion under-5 infant deaths and 4.5 million refugees).

17. Afghan Genocide (3-7 million post-invasion excess deaths, 2.3 million post-invasion under-5 infant and 4 million refugees; Australia involved militarily since 2001).

18. Ongoing Aboriginal Genocide (9,000 excess deaths annually; 90,000 excess deaths in the last 11 years of Bush-ite Coalition rule).

19. Biofuel Genocide (16 million die avoidably each year but this is increasingly biofuel-impacted as the legislatively-mandated US, UK and EU biofuel perversion helps force up global food prices; Australia is a major sugar cane grower and sugar exporter with 60% of sugar going to bioethanol production worldwide; Australia has biofuel-promoting legislation and is a major canola grower, this being a major source for biodiesel).

20. Climate Genocide (16 million die avoidably each year already from deprivation and deprivation-exacerbated disease; Professor James Lovelock FRS says that over 6 million will perish this century die to unaddressed climate change; on a per capita basis Australia is among the very worst greenhouse gas (GHG) polluters – in terms of 2004 figures for “fossil fuel-derived annual per capita CO2 pollution” Australia is about 40 times worse than India and 160 times worse than Bangladesh if you include Australia’s world number 1 coal exports). Current Labor Federal Government commitment to reduce greenhouse-gas pollution by "60% by 2050" while supporting coal exports actually means increasing Australia's world-leading greenhouse-gas pollution from fossil fuel consumption and exports by more than 50% by 2050 (from linear extrapolation of US Energy Information Administration data).

Yet politically correct racist Australia steadfastly “looks the other way” and its past and present involvements in the above atrocities are overwhelmingly not reported by racist, lying, holocaust-ignoring Mainstream media NOR taught in Australia’s schools and universities. PC racist White Australia just cannot see the “Elephant in the room” – its continuing involvement in over 2 centuries of horrendous genocide.

I have done my duty as an Australian and World citizen by making a formal complaint to the International Criminal Court over Australian Government involvement in Aboriginal Genocide, Iraqi Genocide, Afghan Genocide and Climate Genocide (see: http://climateemergency.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html ).

vii. Solutions

Poor but well governed countries like Cuba (infant mortality lower than that in the US despite 30-fold lower annual per capita income) provide hope that sensibly focussed investment (e.g. funded by an “economic efficiency credits scheme” to reward high efficiency countries such as Bangladesh), good governance, high female literacy and good primary health care can deliver very low avoidable mortality and thence, paradoxically, lowered population growth.

The continuing, horrendous global avoidable mortality is fundamentally due to violence, deprivation, disease and lying. We are one species confined to one planet and we revel in the richness of nature and human cultural diversity. The peace and cooperative community we commonly experience at the level of village, town, city and nation should apply internationally throughout Spaceship Earth. Intolerance of dishonesty, bigotry and violence, respect for human rights, international law and our common environment and commitment to truth, reason and a modestly decent life for everyone will end the global avoidable mortality holocaust and ensure that it will never be repeated.

viii. Rational Risk Management (RRM)

(a) Rational Risk Management (RRM). Rational Risk Management (RRM) successively involves (a) getting accurate data, (b) scientific analysis (science involving the critical testing of potentially falsifiable hypotheses) and (c) systemic change, involving setting up systems such that when Nature or fallible humans inevitably cause a dangerous situation the system is better able to minimize risk.

(b) Spin and perverted RRM. All too prevalent “spin” and “politicized” responses in society pervert RRM by (a) lies, slies (spin-based untruths), censorship, intimidation, self-censorship, white-washing, (b) anti-science spin involving the use of selected asserted “facts” to support a partisan position, and (c) “blame and shame”, picking convenient culprits for public punishment, thereby inhibiting reportage (war being the ultimate expression of this perverted approach).

(c) Avoidable mortality. Excess death (avoidable mortality) is the difference between the actual deaths in a country and the deaths expected for a peaceful, decently governed country with the same demographics.

(d) RRM examples. Key examples of RRM to be considered include Professor James Reason’s Swiss Cheese Model for RRM ; aviation; nuclear industry; heavy industry; defence (war-making); hospitals.

(e) Perverted RRM examples. Key examples of perverted RRM:

1. 9/11 and who did 9/11? (Bush Administration censorship, secrecy and “official story” that violates science) -> Oil War aka the anti-Arab anti-Semitic War on Terror (5-9 million post-invasion excess deaths in the Occupied Iraqi and Afghan Territories); Scholars for 9/11 Truth (see: http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org/ ): “official story” inconsistent with facts that point to “explosive demolition” and hence active or passive US complicity; Al Gore: Bush Administration’s “reckless disregard for the safety of the American people”; former president of Italy Francesco Cossiga: US CIA and Israeli Mossad did 9/11 to promote US hegemony and Zionist interests and Western intelligence agencies know it (see “Were US & Israel behind the 9/11?”: http://mwcnews.net/content/view/18569/26/ ) .

2. Iraq War and the Iraqi Genocide (Bush lies; no Iraqi involvement in 9/11; 953 pre-invasion lies) -> post-invasion violent and non-violent excess deaths 1.5-2 million; under-5 infant deaths 0.6 million; refugees 4.5 million.

3. Afghan War and the Afghan Genocide (Bush lies; no Afghans involved in 9/11; even Bush “official version” has 15 Saudis, 2 UAE, 1 Egyptian & 1 Lebanese) -> post-invasion excess deaths 3-7 million; post-invasion under-5 infant deaths 2.3 million; refugees 4 million.

4. Muslim-origin non-state terrorism (7,000 Western civilians murdered in 40 years, including Israelis and 9/11 victims – but see point #1; US supported Latin American terrorists, Al Qaeda, Taliban) -> US, UK, French, and Israeli state terrorism (1950-2005 excess deaths in countries partially occupied by US post-1945 total 82 million, 727 million for UK, 142 million for France, 24 million for Israel); Indigenous Asian excess deaths in Zionist-promoted US Alliance War on Terror total 5-9 million.

5. Occupation and Palestinian Genocide (huge propaganda supporting invasion, occupation, dispossession, mass imprisonment, ethnic cleansing of Indigenous Palestinians and race-based ethnocracy) -> post-invasion excess deaths 0.3 million; post-invasion under-5 infant deaths 0.2 million; 2,400 avoidable infant deaths annually; 7 million refugees; 80% of Holy Land civilian homicides committed by Jewish Israelis.

6. Torture (evil and futile; advocated by “terror hysteria”, but see #1 - #5) -> widespread US Alliance use of torture; rendition; Australian complicity in US torture of Australians.

7. Smoking (risk definitely and authoritatively known for 50 years but still legal in West; banned by Taliban for Government employees in 1997) -> 5 million smoking-related deaths annually world-wide, about 19,000 deaths annually in Australia (population 21 million), 0.3 million annually (the US).

8. Alcohol (aetiology and risks known for centuries; banned in many Muslim countries) -> about 2 million deaths annually, worldwide.

9. Cars, trucks (horrendous “true cost” ignored in public transport and free public transport arguments dominated by oil and motor lobbies) -> annual deaths: ca 0.4 million globally; 30,000 US, 2,000 Australia.

10. Custodial punishment (“blame and shame” culture of vengeance versus punishment, protection of society and rehabilitation) -> genetic and violent nurture predisposition ignored – should people be punished or rehabilitated for genetic or nurture defects?

11. Indigenous health and welfare (attitudes ranging from “blame and shame” to “politically correct” but slow amelioration) -> horrendous 9,000 avoidable Indigenous deaths annually; 90,000 under 11 years of Coalition Government; “annual death rate” 2.2% (Indigenous Australians), 2.4% (Indigenous Australians in NT) versus 0.07% (Singapore under-5 year old infants), 0.1% (White Australian infants), 0.4% (what it should be for Indigenous Australians), 0.7% (for White Australians, world’s best), 2.5% (sheep), 2.7% (Occupied Iraqi infants), 6.2% (Occupied Afghan infants), 10% (Australian POWs of the Japanese), 17% ( Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe, 1941-1945).

12. Illicit drugs (“blame and shame” punitive arguments ignore tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug-related deaths of about 5 million, 2 million and 0.2 million annually) -> 0.2 million drug-related deaths annually, half due to opiates; 7 years x 0.1 million deaths/year = 0.7 million post-2001 opiate drugs deaths, about 90% (0.6 million) due to US restoration of the Taliban-destroyed Afghan opium industry from 5% of world market share in 2001 to 93% in 2007; post-invasion opiate drug deaths 3,000 UK, 3,000 Canada, 1,500 Australia, 50,000 US.

13. Avoidable American under-5 infant deaths (richest country on Earth ignores its relatively high infant death rate) -> 20,000 annually, 160,000 under Bush administration; calculation: “annual under-5 infant death rate” 0.07% Singapore, 0.17% Cuba and US, US avoidable deathrate 0.1%, 20 million under-5 year old Americans gives 20,000 avoidable infant deaths annually.

14. US Gun deaths (Supreme Court ruled for the first time in June 2008 that the 2nd Amendment explicitly protects Americans' right to own guns for self-defense) -> about 30,000 US gun deaths annually; 8 x 30,000 = 240,000 US Gun-related deaths under the pro-Gun Bush Administration.

15. Global avoidable mortality (term ignored by Mainstream media) -> 16 million avoidable deaths annually; 9.5 million avoidable under-5 infant deaths; “Body Count” summary: due to violence, deprivation, disease and LYING.

16. Avoidable hospital deaths (improving situation but reportage and proper RRM still complicated by “fears of punishment or litigation) -> Australia about 20,000 annual avoidable hospital deaths due to “adverse events”; vertical versus horizontal hierarchy; Swiss Cheese model of systems to minimize harm when inevitably people make mistakes; reportage vital; honesty vital; blame and shame generally counterproductive except in extraordinary situations of demonstrably dangerous incompetence.

17. Approximate Australian annual avoidable deaths (data do surface but are not part of a major public debate) -> about 20,000 from smoking; 20,000 from diet; 20,000 from hospital mistakes; 5,000 from toxic pollutants from coal-based electricity generation; 2,000 from cars; 300 from opiates mainly due to Bush-ite and neo-Bush-ite protection of the Afghan opium industry.

18. Global warming (the BIG ONE in a mounting Climate emergency; NASA’s Dr Hansen demands “negative CO2 emissions” to return atmospheric CO2 from dangerous 390 ppm to safe level of no more than 350 ppm; but vested interests still ensure no action and propagation of Mainstream climate scepticism) -> mounting problem for “home alone” elderly e.g. 15,000 people died in the 2003 French heat wave, elderly switch off heat stress warning too early; according to UK Chief Scientist Professor John Beddington FRS “billions” are at risk from US, EU and UK legislative mandating of food diversion for biofuel; over 6 billion may perish this century according to Professor James Lovelock FRS).

19. Nuclear threats (25,000 nuclear weapons; threat to 6.6 billion humans from blast, radiation and nuclear winter; ignored, especially after the end of the Cold War) -> Australia intimately involved as a diplomatic and/or military ally of major nuclear powers, namely UK, US, France and Israel; Australia is a major uranium exporter, is intimately linked to US nuclear terrorism (Pine Gap, naval accommodation, military links) and exports uranium oxide to China..

20. Poverty threats (the 16 million avoidable deaths annually due to deprivation and deprivation-exacerbated disease are ignored) -> Australian culpability (e.g. in the Occupied Palestinian, Iraqi and Afghan Territories) is ignored nationally except for concerns about refugees from climate change exacerbation of the problem.

21. Fossil fuel-based electricity deaths (Australia’s world leading per capita contribution to global warming and actual or potential avoidable death is ignored as are related domestic deaths due to fossil fuel use) -> toxic pollutants are produced from fossil fuel-based electricity generation, notably carbon monoxide, particulates, sulphur dioxide, heavy metals (notably mercury, Hg), and volatile organics. Pollution from coal plants producing 27 TWh/year (20% of supply) kill 668 people per year in Ontario (population 12 million). Estimated “a nnual coal-based electricity deaths” [“total annual fossil fuel-based electricity deaths”] are 170,000 [283,000] (the World), 11,000 [13,000] (India), 47,000 [47,500] (China), 49,000 [72,000] (the US), 3,400 [6,900] (the UK), 4,900 [5,400] (Australia) and 2,700 [3,800](Canada) as compared to 110 [360] (heavily renewable-based New Zealand). There is a much greater life-time and old-age impact on older people (see: http://climatefactsheets.blogspot.com/2008/06/global-warming-dangers-solutions-for.html ).

ix. Table 1 Post-1950 global excess mortality and under-5 infant mortality

REGION

EM

(m)

IM

(m)

IM/EM

(%)

POP

(m)

MORT

(m)

MORT/

POP

(%)

EM/

POP

(%)

EM/

MORT

(%)

IM/

POP

(%)

IM/

MORT

(%)

Overseas Europe

9.750

5.344

55

366.747

131.795

36

2.7

7.4

1.5

4.1

Western Europe

19.680

6.857

35

394.384

205.574

52

5.0

9.6

1.7

3.3

Eastern Europe

25.578

12.781

51

338.752

178.344

53

7.6

14.3

3.8

7.2

Latin America & Caribbean

50.579

52.232

103

540.034

165.220

31

9.4

30.6

9.7

31.6

East Asia

168.585

165.795

98

1544.460

579.519

38

10.9

29.1

10.7

28.6

Central Asia, Iran & Turkey

49.147

40.459

82

237.356

88.216

37

20.7

55.7

17.0

45.9

Arab North Africa & Middle East

70.516

47.174

67

305.985

107.101

35

23.0

65.8

15.4

44.0

South East Asia

140.222

71.492

51

558.155

224.318

40

25.1

62.5

12.8

31.9

Pacific

2.347

1.114

47

8.595

3.503

41

27.3

67.0

13.0

31.8

South Asia

465.320

284.797

61

1459.046

669.115

46

31.9

69.5

19.5

42.6

Non-Arab Africa

300.834

189.834

63

696.515

382.116

55

43.2

78.7

27.3

49.7

EUROPE

55.008

24.982

46

1099.883

515.713

47

5.0

10.7

2.2

4.8

NON-EUROPE

1247.550

852.897

68

5350.146

2219.108

41

23.3

56.2

15.9

38.4

TOTAL

1302.558

877.879

67

6450.029

2734.821

42

20.2

47.6

13.6

32.1

Table 2 Global mortality, excess mortality and under-5 infant mortality (2003)

REGION

2003

MORT

(m)

2003

EM

(m)

2003

<5im

(m)

2003

Pop

(m)

2003

MORT/

Pop

(%)

2003

EM/

Pop

(% )

2003

<5im/>

(%)

2003

<5ipop

(m)

2003

<5ipop/

Pop

(%)

2003

<5im/>

(%)

Overseas Europe

2.9086

0

0.0390

357.713

0.81

0

0.011

24.3370

6.8

0.16

Western Europe

3.9593

0.1782

0.0239

392.442

1.01

0.05

0.006

20.812

5.3

0.12

Eastern Europe

4.4622

1.0717

0.0571

342.510

1.30

0.31

0.017

16.438

4.8

0.38

Latin America & Caribbean

3.4166

0.1759

0.3720

535.281

0.63

0.03

0.069

56.483

10.6

0.66

East Asia

10.8653

0.1231

0.7707

1528.963

0.71

0.01

0.050

102.642

6.7

0.75

Central Asia, Iran & Turkey

1.7464

0.5904

0.5033

228.919

0.76

0.26

0.220

24.766

10.8

2.03

Arab North Africa & Middle East

1.9046

0.7393

0.4990

289.956

0.67

0.25

0.172

37.379

12.9

1.33

South East Asia

3.8645

1.4158

0.5659

539.255

0.72

0.26

0.105

54.634

10.1

1.04

Pacific

0.0667

0.0320

0.0180

8.184

0.82

0.39

0.220

1.135

13.9

1.59

South Asia

12.0343

5.3275

3.2570

1400.532

0.86

0.38

0.233

163.949

11.7

1.99

Non-Arab Africa

11.5099

6.3866

4.4590

659.995

1.74

0.97

0.676

114.385

17.3

3.90

EUROPE

11.3301

1.2499

0.1200

1092.665

1.04

0.11

0.011

61.587

5.6

0.19

NON-EUROPE

45.4083

14.7906

10.4449

5191.085

0.87

0.28

0.201

555.373

10.7

1.88

TOTAL

56.2044

16.0405

10.5649

6283.750

0.89

0.26

0.168

616.960

9.8

1.71

8 Comments:

  • At 1:16 AM, Blogger rtfgvb7806 said…

  • At 10:04 PM, Blogger claura said…

    I read your post comments in this post about "Body Count. Global avoidable mortality since 1950 (2008 lecture)". This post comments are recently posted. All comments all fabulous. This is used to update my knowledge. Thanks for sharing with us.


    talk

     
  • At 12:08 PM, Blogger Corey Mehlos said…

    I appreciate your research and would like to purchase your Body Count book but haven't been able to find it. Is there a vendor in America?

     
  • At 9:23 PM, Blogger Alan said…

    Jeez Gideon,

    Instead of worrying yourself silly about all these past imperialistic attrocities, and by doing so, seeking to broadly place the blame on people such as me (as a white Anglo-Australia, middle-aged, centre-right voting, terrorist-hating, lapsed protestant who is more concerned about Aboriginal crime than welfare) - I suggest that you move your thinking forward to how we are going to humanely cull the world's human population by 50-80% for the urgent requirement of global ecological sustainability.

    While it would be nice to avoid all human suffering and misery, and to promote human learning and enlightenment, at the end of the day, a billion human lives are of little value or benefit to Planet Earth!

    Personally I am much more concerned about over-population leading to global deforestation and the related extiction of species than the suppression of a few Palestinians or the failure of some Aboriginal communities to take greater responsibility for their own health and welfare.

    Perhaps your socialistic muslimised utopia will miraculously cure all such ills?


    Cheers
    Alan.

     
  • At 5:54 PM, Blogger Peter Hall said…

    Gideon,

    I find most of your proported facts to be incorrect or complete fabriactions. I note you only ever seem to quote yourself as a source, never the origins of you data. Why is that Gideon?

    For example you claim 240,000 US Citizens were murdered by guns in the US in a 8 year period. Published facts do not support this claim. http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl01.xls

    According to the FBI published reports show the TOTAL murder in the US (approximately 120,000) by all causes are less than 50% of your estimate for guns alone. I have found no published sources that come anywhere near your figires for US murders or deaths resulting from firearms. Clearly you either have deliberately inflated your figures or do not know how to research facts, and believe anything you are told that supports your racist premises.

    As a suposed acedemic, you should know to check your facts and quote your sources, the ommission of such by you clearly shows you are being dishonest.

    Another example of your dishonestly and racial bias, is you list Portugal as a Coloniser, with Timor Leste as the Colony. This is true, but why are you ignoring the obvious??

    Indonesia occupied Timor Leste in 1973, and was the most recent and influemtial in the current rates applicable, and that YOU quote.

    In fact comparing mortality rates between Portugal and Timor Leste is not and insightful as comparing the mortality rates of Indoesia and Timor Leste. As they share very similar geography and genetics. I guess this insight that is not supporting your racist agenda and not helpful you to hate campaign.

    I think the reason you ignore this obvious comparison is that Indonesian is a Muslim country that occupied a predominantly Catholic country.

    You would rather blame the lot of the poor people of Timor Leste on white europeans, than on your fellow muslims who clearly have a far greater role in the mortality rates.

    Shame on you for presenting such lies and distortions. Every figure you present as a fact are either substanially incorrect,the cause is incorrectly attributed. Not one of the figures you present can I corroborate from credible sources.

    The conclusions you draw, are a result of your racism, and your ignorance. I feel sorry for any student that has been unfortunate enough to draw you as a teacher, as you have not even a basic understanding of scientific method, or you have chosen to ignore revelant data and just lied.

    True tradedy is, by calling everything a genocide, you deeny true genocides. You even dare to try and blame Australia for the Armenian genocide. What a horrible and truely evil little man you are, try telling that to any Armenian and I am sure you will get the answer. Oh, I forgot that genocide was committed by Muslim Turks, so you have to lie to hide that and blame AUSTRALIA, are you on crack?

    White men have much blood on their (so does everybody else, well maybe the Eskimos dont???) hands, but to blame all the woes of the world on white men, like you clearly try and do, shows you have a racist agenda and hate white people.

    Being a RACIST can apply to anybody, it is not a term reserved for white men only. Clearly you are a RACIST.

    Shame on you!

     
  • At 5:57 PM, Blogger Peter Hall said…

    Gideon,

    I find most of your proported facts to be incorrect or complete fabriactions. I note you only ever seem to quote yourself as a source, never the origins of you data. Why is that Gideon?

    For example you claim 240,000 US Citizens were murdered by guns in the US in a 8 year period. Published facts do not support this claim. http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl01.xls

    According to the FBI published reports show the TOTAL murder in the US (approximately 120,000) by all causes are less than 50% of your estimate for guns alone. I have found no published sources that come anywhere near your figires for US murders or deaths resulting from firearms. Clearly you either have deliberately inflated your figures or do not know how to research facts, and believe anything you are told that supports your racist premises.

    As a suposed acedemic, you should know to check your facts and quote your sources, the ommission of such by you clearly shows you are being dishonest.

    Another example of your dishonestly and racial bias, is you list Portugal as a Coloniser, with Timor Leste as the Colony. This is true, but why are you ignoring the obvious??

    Indonesia occupied Timor Leste in 1973, and was the most recent and influemtial in the current rates applicable, and that YOU quote.

    In fact comparing mortality rates between Portugal and Timor Leste is not and insightful as comparing the mortality rates of Indoesia and Timor Leste. As they share very similar geography and genetics. I guess this insight that is not supporting your racist agenda and not helpful you to hate campaign.

    I think the reason you ignore this obvious comparison is that Indonesian is a Muslim country that occupied a predominantly Catholic country.

    You would rather blame the lot of the poor people of Timor Leste on white europeans, than on your fellow muslims who clearly have a far greater role in the mortality rates.

    Shame on you for presenting such lies and distortions. Every figure you present as a fact are either substanially incorrect,the cause is incorrectly attributed. Not one of the figures you present can I corroborate from credible sources.

    The conclusions you draw, are a result of your racism, and your ignorance. I feel sorry for any student that has been unfortunate enough to draw you as a teacher, as you have not even a basic understanding of scientific method, or you have chosen to ignore revelant data and just lied.

    True tradedy is, by calling everything a genocide, you deeny true genocides. You even dare to try and blame Australia for the Armenian genocide. What a horrible and truely evil little man you are, try telling that to any Armenian and I am sure you will get the answer. Oh, I forgot that genocide was committed by Muslim Turks, so you have to lie to hide that and blame AUSTRALIA, are you on crack?

    White men have much blood on their (so does everybody else, well maybe the Eskimos dont???) hands, but to blame all the woes of the world on white men, like you clearly try and do, shows you have a racist agenda and hate white people.

    Being a RACIST can apply to anybody, it is not a term reserved for white men only. Clearly you are a RACIST.

    Shame on you!

     
  • At 11:17 PM, Blogger Becca Blossoms said…

    This comment has been removed by the author.

     
  • At 11:18 PM, Blogger Becca Blossoms said…

    America's death zones hits If this is the state of our nation during relative peacetime and perceived prosperity, imagine what it’ll look like in the midst of financial, economic or political turmoil. Americans living east of the Mississippi River will likely experience the brunt of it. But anyone residing in and around any major U.S. city will, likewise, have a tough road ahead of them. So for want to know more about America's death zones hits being with us....

     

Post a Comment

<< Home